Home

# How to increase convective heat transfer coefficient

As convective heat transfer coefficient is an effective way to model heat transfer, in reality the heat transfer happens through conduction from the wall to the fluid. Conductive flux is given as.. hr,pвҲ’b = radiation heat transfer coefficient from absorber plate to back plate, which can be obtained from Eq. (2.67), (W/m 2 -K). An energy balance of the air stream volume ( s Г— 1 Г— Оҙ x) gives. where hc,bвҲ’a = convection heat transfer coefficient from the back plate to air (W/m 2 -K) h c = heat transfer coefficient (kCal/m 2 hВ°C) v = relative speed between object surface and air (m/s) Since. 1 kcal/m 2 hВ°C = 1.16 W/m 2 В°C - (2) can be modified to. h cW = 12.12 - 1.16 v + 11.6 v 1/2 (2b) where . h cW = heat transfer coefficient (W/m 2 В°C) Note! - this is an empirical equation and can be used for velocities 2 to 20 m/s Increasing heat exchanger performance usually means transferring more duty or operating the exchanger at a closer temperature approach. This can be accomplished without a dramatic increase in surface area. This constraint directly translates to increasing the overall heat transfer coefficient, U. The overall heat transfer coefficient is related to the surface area, A, duty, Q, and driving force, вҲҶT. This equation is found in nearly all heat exchanger design references1-3

The convective heat transfer coefficient is not a property of the fluid. It is an experimentally determined parameter whose value depends on all the variables influencing convection such as the surface geometry, the nature of fluid motion, the properties of the fluid, and the bulk fluid velocity. Typically, the convective heat transfer coefficient for laminar flow is relatively low compared to the convective heat transfer coefficient for turbulent flow (12) Оұ ВҜ = 1 A вҲ« A Оұ loc d A average heat transfer coefficient the overall heat transfer from to plate to the liquid can be determined as follows: (13) Q Лҷ = Оұ ВҜ вӢ… A вӢ… (T w вҲ’ T f) total convective heat transfer Note that when equation (12) is inserted into equation (13), equation (11) results If the local mass transfer coefficient is evaluated from the following correlation for laminar flow: в„Һн өнұҘ=0.332 н өнұҘ0.5 0.33. Derive the corresponding equation (correlation) to calculate the average mass transfer coefficient. Repeat it for turbulent flow if в„Һн өнұҘ=0.0292 н өнұҘ0.8 0.33 The velocity might change (e.i., decrease) the thickness of this stagnant layer where heat transfer is conductive. Result is the increase in the heat transfer coefficient. There is also apparent..

The relation Q = h.A. О”T, which describes convective heat transfer suggests increase in the heat transfer rate at higher heat transfer coefficient values. Convection is the bulk motion of a fluid, which may occur naturally or forcibly The best way to get the convective heat transfer is by using the Nusselt number and its many empirical correlations, and they all scale with Reynolds number and a handful of other parameters depending on the situation (e.g. Prandtl number, Rayleigh number). Pressure doesn't enter into the equations. Mar 5, 2013 #

Heat convection with phase change page 2 . pressurized liquid and subsequent flashing), but heat transfer with phase change is much more efficient (less required area). Convective problems with phase change may be grouped in different ways: вҖў By type of phase change, i.e. from liquid to gas, or from gas to liquid (excluding solid changes) The heatвҖҗtransfer coefficient is W m K L Nuk h 4.84 / 2 4 720.7 0.02685 The heat transfer is QЛҡ = h A (Ts вҖҗ TвҲһ) = 7.84 W/mВ°C2 (4 x 10 m2) (60 - 10 В°C) = 9.675 kW Natural Convection from Finned Surfaces Finned surfaces of various shapes (heat sinks) are used in microelectronics cooling Convective heat transfer coefficient. Posted Apr 19, 2015, 6:09 AM PDT Fluid, Heat Transfer & Phase Change, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Modeling Tools, Parameters, Variables, & Functions Version 4.3 6 Replie Combining convective heat transfer coefficients. For two or more heat transfer processes acting in parallel, convective heat transfer coefficients simply add: = + + For two or more heat transfer processes connected in series, convective heat transfer coefficients add inversely

For example, adding magnetic powder into water or oil can increase the heat transfer coefficient by more than 50% under the action of magnetic field. Physical properties of alternating fluids. The physical properties of the fluid have a great influence on the convective heat transfer coefficient The intense mixing of the fluid in turbulent flow enhances heat and momentum transfer between fluid particles, which in turn increases the friction force and the convection heat transfer coefficient. NonвҖҗdimensional Group

### What is the concept of increasing convective heat transfer coefficient with increase

• The convection coefficient may also be increased by an insert of a twisted tape that consists in a periodical twist through 360 degrees. Tangential inserts optimize the velocity of the flow near the tube wall, while providing a bigger heat transfer area
• The rate of convective heat transfer is a function of the fluid and surface temperatures, the surface area, and the speed of the flow across the surface. To improve convective heat flow, increasing the area of contact either between the athlete or the apparel and the flow, as well as the speed of the flow is important
• and this in turn leads to more convective heat transfer. Convection coefficient can be calculated by (1) and is shown in Fig. 4. Effect of different pressures on convection coefficient is displayed in this figure. Multiple data recordings in different input powers make certain for results. As we prospect, pressure increase causes convectio
• To increase heat-transfer rates, the velocity through a jacket can be increased by recirculating the cooling or heating liquid. For simple jackets without baffles, heat-transfer will be mainly by natural convection and the heat-transfer coefficient will range from 200 to 400 W/m 2 В°C
• It is used in calculating the heat transfer, typically by convection or phase transition between a fluid and a solid. Heat transfer coefficient is the inverse of thermal insurance, which is used for building materials (R-value) and for clothing insulation. The SI units of heat transfer coefficient is watts per squared meter Kelvin (W/mВІвҖўK)

A variety of correlations are in use for predicting heat transfer rates in laminar flow. From dimensional analysis, the correlations are usually written in the form . Nu =ПҶ(Re,Pr, ) where . hD Nu k = is the Nusselt number, ПҶ is some function, and Pr. p. C k. Вө ОҪ Оұ = = is the Prandtl number. Here, h. is the heat transfer coefficient, h = q / (Ts - K) where: q: amount of heat required (Heat Flux), W/m2 i.e., thermal power per unit area, q = d\dot {Q}/dA. h: heat transfer coefficient, W/ (m 2 K) Ts = Solid Surface temperature. K = Surrounding fluid area Temperature

To sum up, Convective heat transfer occurs in liquid or air because of the movement of molecules from a hotter place to a colder place. And to improve convective heat transfer, use forced convection. We will keep updating this article on convective heat transfer. Add your suggestions, comments, or questions in the comment box The contemporary conjugate convective heat transfer model was developed after computers came into wide use in order to substitute the empirical relation Convective heat transfer is one of the major types of heat transfer and convection is also a major mode of mass transfer in fluids. Convective heat and thus influencing its own transfer The latter process is often called natural convection All. Figure 2-17: Temperature rise per unit heat flux vs. convective heat 39 transfer coefficient Figure 2-18: Temperature-altitude operational requirements -- bay air 40 temperature versus altitude, MIL-E-5400 Class II  Figure 2-19: Forced-air cooled avionics cooling requirements -airflow 42 vs. cooling air temperatur The overall heat transfer coefficient, or U-value, refers to how well heat is conducted through over a series of resistant mediums. Its units are the W/(m 2 В°C) [Btu/(hr-ft 2 В°F)].. Steam vs. Hot Water. The following article demonstrates how to calculate and compare the U value for the heat transfer of steam and hot water through different types of mediums, including film coefficients and. The heat transfer coefficient also depends on the flow regime. Figure 3 shows the flow over a flat surface. The laminar boundary layer starts the transition at a Reynolds number around 5 x 105 with a sudden jump in the heat transfer coefficient, and then gradually coming down in the turbulent region, but still above the laminar regime. For

Other types of Heat Transfer So far: вҖўconduction (Fourier's Law) вҖўforced convection (due to flow) вҖўsource terms Missing, but important: вҖўfree convection (due to density variations brought on by temperature differences) вҖўheat transfer with phase change (e.g. condensing fluids) вҖўradiation next two topics la s tubjec in the cours To increase the effect of first heat transfer coefficient, just stir the milk slowly in the pan so that there also forced convection happens between pan and milk. Also do not stir the milk in particular direction. It will increase the boundary layer thickness sa it happens to be a laminar circular flow Convection and Heat Transfer Coefficients. The rate of heat transfer in forced convection depends on properties of both the fluid (density, heat capacity, etc.) and of the flow (geometry, turbulence, etc.). The calculation is generally complex, and may involve boundary layer theory and tricky mathematics, so we typically use empirical correlations based on masses of data Recall that convective heat transfer occurs when there is a fluid flowing over a body. To calculate the heat transfer rate the following equation would be used. (Eq 1) q = h A ( T w вҲ’ T вҲһ) In the above equation h represents the convective heat transfer coefficient. To determine what this value is you will need to have an understanding of.

Temperature Rise and Free-Convection Heat-Transfer Coefficient for Two-Dimensional Pot-Core Inductors and Transformers Abstract: Existing formulations to account for heat transfer (HT) from a magnetic core to the ambient environment usually use a constant HT coefficient obtained from the literature The mass-transfer coefficient is related to: (1).The properties of the fluid, (2).The dynamic characteristics of the flowing fluid, and (3).The geometry of the specific system of interest Evaluation of the mass transfer coefficient There are four methods of evaluating convective mass-transfer coefficients. They are My question is: would the convection heat transfer coefficient (h) be larger if I fanned from inside the of the garage toward the open garage door (I think its this, Since in a sense, I am aiding the hotter air to go towards the cooler air and heat is exchanged faster, thus it takes a lower amount of time for the garage to reach thermal equilibrium If is less than this, we can add insulation and increase heat loss. To understand why this occurs, consider Figure 17.8, which shows a schematic of the thermal resistance and the heat transfer.As increases from a value less than , two effects take place.First, the thickness of the insulation increases, tending to drop the heat transfer because the temperature gradient decreases Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Table Chart: The heat transfer coefficient is the proportionality coefficient between the heat flux and the thermodynamic driving force for the flow of heat (i.e., the temperature difference, О”T): h = q / (Ts - K) where: q: amount of heat required (Heat Flux), W/m2 i.e., thermal power per unit area, q = d\dot.

### Convection Heat Transfer Coefficient - an overview ScienceDirect Topic

For a steady-state heat transfer analysis, the Convection Coefficient value will be multiplied by the Convection multiplier on the Multipliers tab of the Analysis Parameters dialog . If you are performing a transient heat transfer analysis, select the load curve that will be applied to the convection coefficient in the Load Curve box The best way to get the convective heat transfer is by using the Nusselt number and its many empirical correlations, and they all scale with Reynolds number and a handful of other parameters depending on the situation (e.g. Prandtl number, Rayleigh number). Pressure doesn't enter into the equations. Mar 5, 2013. #3 293 K, and the corresponding convective heat transfer coefficient is . h. 2 = 0.068 W m-2. K-1. Formulate a 2-D FE model and solve for (i) the temperature distribution within the concrete and brick walls at steady-state conditions, and (ii) the heat flux across the walls

### Convective Heat Transfer - Engineering ToolBo

1. I think that the shell side heat transfer coefficient can be improved by increasing turbulance of fluid.turbulant flow can be achieved by providing some obstructions in the fluid flow path by providing baffles, fins et
2. the object will rise. Consequently, the object is surrounded with a thin layer of warmer air and heat will be transferred from this layer to the outer layers of air. Fig. 1: Natural convection heat transfer from a hot body
3. The value of the Convective heat transfer coefficient (hc) depends on the type of media (gas or liquid), Flow velocity, and temperature difference. Convective Heat Transfer coefficient for Air. Natural Convection = 5 - 25 W/mВІ K. Forced Convection = 10 - 200 W/mВІ K. Formula for Convective heat transfer coefficient Calculation. (for air

Their results are very promising because the convection heat transfer coefficient increases almost up to the initial value after an ultrasonic pulsation cycle. Biofouling control is a possible application of ultrasound, that is, the prevention of microorganism growth (algae, fungi, bacteria) on surfaces by application of ultrasonic vibrations [ 88 ] convection heat transfer in a diamond-shaped fin-array with flip-flop flow oscillation. In this work, we numerically calculated and measured the forced convection heat transfer experimentally coefficient and pressure drop of a diamond- shaped fin-array with water passing a cross flow over the fin-array. 2. Numerical Calculation Metho Increasing air flow, increases convective coefficient and vice versa. That value of 20W/m2K for still air is probably a reasonable approximation for still air but at the temperatures you are looking at, my guess is that you will have significant circulation due to natural convection (induced by density differences due to the high temp) Heat transfer through a surface like a wall can be calculated as. q = U A dT (1) where. q = heat transfer (W (J/s), Btu/h) U = overall heat transfer coefficient (W/(m 2 K), Btu/(ft 2 h o F)). A = wall area (m 2, ft 2). dT = (t 1 - t 2) = temperature difference over wall (o C, o F)The overall heat transfer coefficient for a multi-layered wall, pipe or heat exchanger - with fluid flow on each.

### What is Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient - Definitio

Based on literature revive it is observe that artificially roughness place an important role in the enhancement of heat transfer from heat transferring surface to the working fluid. Many investigators have used the artificial roughness in different ways for the enhancement of heat transfer and they have measured the average Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient, however in order to understand. The heat flux can also be increased by changing the heat transfer coefficient. Г° depends on various pa-rameters like velocity of the fluid, material proper-ties etc. For example, if one blows air over the tea cup, the speed of the fluid is increased and thus the heat transfer coefficient becomes larger. This means, that the water cools down. The convective heat transfer coefficient is generally a function of fluid properties, flow conditions, and surface geometry. н өнұһ=в„Һ(н өнұҮ вҲ’н өнұҮвҲһ) (1) The form of the heat transfer equation guides the methodology used to measure the convective heat transfer coefficient Heat can travel from one place to another in several ways. The different modes of heat transfer include: Conduction. Convection. Radiation. Meanwhile, if the temperature difference exists between the two systems, heat will find a way to transfer from the higher to the lower system

### Heat transfer coefficient for thermal convection - tec-scienc

1. Obtaining a good estimate for a forced convection heat transfer coefficient is the major part of most calculations. The downloadable Excel spreadsheets included with this article will help you estimate the heat transfer coefficients. We use Reynolds/ Prandtl/ Nusselt number correlations to calculate the Nusselt number for the particular configuration, and then to calculate the coefficient
2. Forced convective heat transfer in a microchannel heat sink (MCHS) using CuO/water nanofluids with 0.1 and 0.2 vol% as coolant was investigated. The experiments were focused on the heat transfer enhancement in the channel entrance region at Re < 1800. Hydraulic performance of the MCHS was also estimated by measuring friction factor and pressure drop. Results showed that higher convective heat.
3. How to calculate the Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient? Heat exchanger setup typically involves two flowing fluids separated by a solid wall. Heat is first transferred from the hot fluid to the wall by convection, the heat is then transferred through the wall by conduction, and lastly the heat is transferred from the wall to the cold fluid again by convection
4. Heat transfer coefficient: Heat transfer coefficient is a quantitative characteristic of convective heat transfer between a fluid medium (a fluid) and the surface (wall) flowed over by the fluid
5. ation of the convective heat transfer coefficient. Download. Deter

OC) describes the magnitude of heat transfer in the fluid film region near the product surface. will be relatively low in magnitude and is referred to as free convection. The magnitude of the convective heat transfer coefficient will be increased as movement of the medium is enhanced to produce forced convection. entire product surface The convective heat transfer coefficient increases with the increase of Reynolds number in an inclined tube. In an inclined tube, the surface friction coefficient of the length tube decreases when the Reynolds number is increased The rate of heat exchange between a fluid of temperature T f and a face of a solid of area A at temperature T s obeys the Newton's law of cooling which can be written as: . Q convection = h A (T s - T f) . where h is the convection heat transfer coefficient. The units of h are W/m 2.K or Btu/s.in 2.F.The convection heat transfer coefficient (h) depends on fluid motion, geometry, and.

Heat transfer could also happen through convection within a liquid or a gas вҖ” a movement of a body of warm molecules into the colder environment. Some examples of convection include the movement of hot water in a pot away from the heating element and up. This movement forces the cold water down towards the heating element and makes it heat up and move up As mentioned above, a convective heat transfer coefficient may have a nearly instantaneous step change, while a bulk temperature may change with a much slower ramped value. There are two commonly used ways in Ansys in which a blend of suddenly changed loads can be mixed with loads that ramp up and down gradually Also, they indicated that Wen and Ding observed a 47% increase in the convective heat transfer coefficient of aqueous c-alumina nanofluids at x/D 60 for 1.6 vol.% nanoparticle loading and , which was much greater than that due to the enhancement of thermal conduction (10%) Convective heat transfer coefficient was correlated against temperature rise within the compartment for both flaming and after extinction phases. Keywords Scale modeling, compartment fire, heat transfer, radiation, convection, convective heat transfer coefficient. References. 1 Natural convection is one of the most effective solutions to cool electronics devices. Heat sinks used in this area are usually extruded profile saw cut and machined according to the assembling of the electronic components. The main inconvenient of this kind of heat sink is that the heat transfer rate is very low and the maximum heat flux managed by this type of cooler is 70 W/cm 2

Convective heat transfer coefficient (CHTC) is known to play an important role in the evaluation of heat exchange between a building and its surroundings. There are several correlations suggested for the estimation of CHTC from the external surfaces of a building. However, there is a marked difference between value The convective heat transfer coefficient of the nanofluid increases with an increase in the mass flow rate of the hot water and nanofluid. Rea et al. [ 13 ] studied the convective heat transfer behavior of alumina/water and zirconia/water nanofluids in the laminar flow regime Hallo, im quite new to Comsol and i hope you can help me. I try to calculate the convective heat transfer coefficient between a concrete ceiling and the air in the room. It should be natural convection. I read and tried to modify the tutorial example free convection but this doesent really work

### Why does heat transfer coefficient increase with velocity

Top PDF convection heat transfer coefficient: Forced Convection Heat Transfer Coefficient and Pressure Drop of Diamond Shaped Fin Array We used a 3-dimensional thermo-fluid computation code called STAR-CCM+  in this work to calculate flow velocity and temperature distributions in a water flow around a diamond-shaped fin-array Calculation of the heat transfer coefficient and the cladding surface temperature, T Zr,1. Detailed knowledge of geometry, fluid parameters, outer radius of cladding, linear heat rate, convective heat transfer coefficient allows us to calculate the temperature difference вҲҶT between the coolant (T bulk) and the cladding surface (T Zr,1) 32 Behrang Sajadi et al./energyequipsys / Vol 4 /No1 June 2016 PHE relating to its thermal and hydraulic performance. Conventional plates have approximately sinusoidal profiles. The complex geometry of PHEs makes it difficult to develop a correlation for its convective heat transfer coefficient

Convective heat transfer correlations are usually presented in terms of Nusselt number versus PГ©clet number. Typical PГ©clet number for normal operation are from 150 to 300 in the fuel bundles. As for another flow regimes, the Nusselt number and a given correlation can be used to determine the convective heat transfer coefficient The convective heat transfer coefficient can be improved by increasing the rotational speed and the oil immersion depth. Moreover, the temperature of the tooth surface having a large convective heat transfer coefficient is also found to be low. A large convection heat transfer coefficient could lead to a good cooling effect The convective heat transfer coefficient is obtained from the experimental values by the hydraulic descaling system and the values calculated by numerical analysis. The equation of theconvective heat transfer coefficient will aid to establish the most suitable conditions for operations in the rolling mill To double the convective heat transfer coefficient, the dynamic viscosity has to be decreased 64 times. 12. For turbulent flow over a flat plate, the average value of Nusselt number is prescribed by the relation Nu = 0.664 (Re) 0.5 (Pr) 0.33 Which of the following is then a false statement? The average heat transfer coefficient increases a

The thickness upto which heat flow increases and after which heat flow decreases is termed as critical thickness.In the case of cylinders and spheres it is called critical radius.It can be derived the critical radius of insulation depends on the thermal conductivity of the insulation k and the external convection heat transfer coefficient h Thanks Raef. The above model was in response to a student who asked how to create a mesh for a helical coil to do convective heat transfer. Upon further correspondence, I learned his project was to build skill in CFD by reproducing a model described in a research paper.. After I read that paper, I understood that rather than being given the convective heat transfer coefficient, which I needed. When heat transfer occurs in fluidsвҖ”defined simply as non-solidsвҖ”the rate and total transfer are governed by several factors, two of which are easily known: temperature difference and area. More challenging to define precisely is h or the Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient

### Why does the heat transfer coefficient increase with an increase in the velocity of

Ch 4, Lesson B, Page 20 - The Convection Heat Transfer Coefficient: h. The heat transfer coefficient, h, depends on BOTH the properties of the fluid and on the shape and orientation of the interface and on the way the fluid flows along the interface. It turns out that h is strongly effected by the thermal conductivity of the fluid, k Convective Coefficient (Heat Transfer) Posted 7 oct. 2015 Г  07:03 UTCвҲ’7 Heat Transfer & Phase Change, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) 0 Replies . GyeongHun Kim . Send Private Message Flag post as spam. Please with a confirmed email address before reporting spam Hello Guys, This is. convection is used. In both cases, forced ornatural convection, an analytical determination ofthe convection heat transfer coefficient. he' requires the knowledge of temperature distribution in the fluid flowing on the heated surface. Usually, the fluid in the close vicinity ofthe solid wall is practically motionless. Therefore, th where the default convective heat transfer coefficient $$h$$ is based on a combination of natural and forced convection correlations, $$T_{g}$$ is the gas temperature, and $$T_{w}$$ is the wall temperature. Normally a user will not modify the convective heat transfer model $$h$$, but the user is responsible for how $$T_{w}$$ will be calculated, either as a fixed temperature or as part of.

### Video: Link between pressure and convection heat transfer ? Physics Forum

Convective heat transfer coefficient. Posted 19 Р°РҝСҖ. 2015 Рі., 09:09 GMT-4 Fluid, Heat Transfer & Phase Change, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Modeling Tools, Parameters, Variables, & Functions Version 4.3 6 Replie Heat transfer calculations involving thermal conduction and thermal convection can be done using thermal resistances that are analagous to electrical resistances. Expressions for the thermal resistances can be found from Fourier's Law of Heat Conduction and Newton's Law of Cooling. The convective thermal resistance depends upon the convection heat transfer coefficient, and area perpendicular. heat transfer coefficient data for food freezing processes. Members of the food refrigeration industry were contacted to collect freezing curves and surface heat transfer data. A unique iterative algorithm was developed to estimate the surface heat transfer coefficients of foods based upon their freezing curves Heat Lecture 9 CM3110 12/7/2015 2 Heat Transfer with Phase Change So far we have discussed heat transfer at a boundary due to a temperature difference between bulk temperatures x bw q hT T A 1. forced convection вҖў laminar вҖў turbulent 2. natural convectio

### Convective heat transfer coefficient - COMSOL Multiphysic

Introduction. Heat transfer coefficient h = [W/K*m 2], which is often called film coefficient, is a quantity that represent the resistance to heat transfer.As heat transfer coefficient increase, the resistance of the fluid to heat decrease. The type of fluid flow, whether laminar or turbulent, of the individual fluid has a great effect on the heat-transfer coefficient h,since most of the. We see that the heat transfer coefficient of the downstream LSIs is h lower than that of the upstream LSIs, because of the temperature rise in the air flow. The heat transfer coefficient h S on a flat surface of a single LSI can be calculated with the following equations  by using the Reynolds number, max a Re uL ОҪ = : 0.5 0.33a hSa0.664Re. Diploma and B.E. in Chemical Engineering, Heat Transfer Operation, Basics of Convection & Heat Transfer Coefficient I'm working in a heat sink similar to the attached one, I applied a heat source at the bottom and I added the fluid domain for the heat sink as attached. It is a natural convection flow. The issue here that I don't know the way of getting the heat transfer coefficient

### Heat transfer coefficient - Wikipedi

The heat transfer coefficient increases with the increase in frequency and amplitude. At a fixed agitation velocity, heat transfer coefficient is mainly governed by the agitation velocity irrespective of the value of amplitude or frequency Heat transfer and the flow characteristics of nanofluids through the collector were studied, and empirical correlations were developed in terms of the Nusselt number, friction factor, and performance index. The convective heat transfer coefficient was improved up to 23.84% by using TiO2 nanofluids instead of the base fluid Correlations for Heat Transfer Coefficients. Each flow geometry requires different correlations be used to obtain heat transfer coefficients. Initially, we will look at correlations for fluids flowing in conduits. Most correlations will take the Nusselt form: The correlations that follow are limited to conduit flow without phase change An increase of 4-5%, based on total wetted area, was found in heat transfer coefficient, generally, when the pin fins were introduced. The change varied widely from one region to the next. A detailed parametric study was also done with the pin fin case. An attempt to model the measured heat transfer coefficient and velocity has been made       This results in an increase heat transfer coefficient.This agreed with results reported byAylaDogan et al . In addition, due to increase in the thermal boundary layer thickness along the tube, the surface temperature increases. The increase in both temperature difference and heat transfer coefficient is also due to th The convective heat transfer coefficient is a useful parameter in characterizing heat flow across a fluid/solid interface when the fluid flow field is complex and solution of the coupled transport equations impractical. While convective heat transfer coefficient values for many unit operations have been tabulated, the boiling phase of immersion frying has not been quantified Under forced convection circumstances (a type of heat transfer in which the movement of fluid is generated by an external source rather than just the buoyancy of the heated fluid), one can determine the heat transfer coefficient by using the Dittus-Boelter correlation